Category Archives: 2015 / NO. 1 & 2 / LXIII

RP 2015 – 2

RP-2015-2-cop-150


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

WHY AND HOW TO INVEST IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION. SECONDARY ANALYSIS ON THE INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCES OF EDUCATION | Pierre VARLY, Ciprian FARTUŞNIC, Amal HMIMOU and M’Barek IAOUSSE

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In 2014, UNICEF Romania commissioned a study on the individual educational returns in Romania. Several surveys on households and labour were analysed. This work completes the calculation of individual education returns using the Mincer model. Estimates of authors are very close to the calculations made by other researchers. Educational yields are slightly after 1989. They are higher for the Roma minority, married people, urban, Bucharest and industry. The marginal yield per year of earnings education is 8.8% according to SILC data (2012). Each additional school year reduces the probability of poor health or chronic illness by 8.2%. Non-cognitive skills can be increasingly taken into account in the calculation of returns and educational policies. Yields can be improved by better matching the training offer to the labour market, noting the competitive nature of wages in the public sector. The migration of Romanian workers into the European Union and its effects on educational returns should be better studied. Some technical recommendations are formulated, in particular to improve statistics on the Roma population and its relationship with school. Some investment priorities in education are proposed, taking into account returns and taking into account the reduction of inequalities in access to education.

Key words: educational returns, migration, Roma.


SOME REFLECTIONS ON FACTORS INFLUENCING FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING | Lilia Petriciuc

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article represents an attempt to identify and assess various external and internal factors that play a crucial role in foreign language learning and how formal and informal instruction contributes to the development of learners’ communicative competence. The main questions we are trying to answer refer to why students do not always succeed in becoming proficient in English, despite the many hours of study and the teachers’ efforts to use extensively authentic materials and up-to-date methods and techniques.

Keywords: communicative competence, language acquisition, linguistic knowledge, formal/informal instruction, internal/external factors.


NEETS – RISC BEHAVIORS | Ioana ŞTEFĂNESCU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In 2014, the Institute of Educational Sciences of Bucharest has proposed to make a qualitative research on the NEETs issues in Romania, based on a qualitative investigative approach. This approach involved the development and operationalization of indicators and key concepts, including NEETs category. The analysis of the studies, investigations and policy papers, and field research, have brought to light the very serious problems facing this vulnerable category of population. This article presents some of the conclusions of this research.

Keywords:  young people, NEETs category, environmental transgression, human development needs, education, the residual culture.


THE MINDSET CONTRIBUTION TO FACILITATE AND UNDERMINE STUDENTS’ LEARNING | Lucian VOINEA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The present article shows the students’ mindset influence on their learning motivation. Our presentation is based on results of the research made by psychologist Carol Dweck. The two theories that frame the mindset approach are: persons’ attributions regarding learning success or failure and persons’ implicit theories regarding ability or intelligence – fixed or incrementalist. We will show the role that the mindset has in a persons’ choice of a learning scope (performance or learning/task mastery) and bring into the forefront the effects the mindset has on students’ affect, cognition and behavior when they are facing challenging or difficult tasks, highlighting the adaptative or maladaptative character of their answer.

Keywords: mindset, ability, learning scope, affect, behavior.


THE IMPACT OF MANAGERIAL COMPETENCE ON THE SCHOOL ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE | Cristina STAN, Olga-Maria CIUCĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The concept of competence in science education is in the midst of individual and collective performance. The complexity of the activity of running school has found a certain specific of its management that is materialized in two dimensions of the school activity: the variety of categories of staff and the interpersonal relationship, culture and work climate. All these result in the formation and development of a set of skills specific to the managerial field and necessary to the director of school in performing different roles sprung from this activity. The article aims to highlight the fact that the educational system is a positive association bet between managerial competencies and the performance of management improvement of managerial skills is an imperative for a performance management in pre university education and beyond.

Keywords: management, competence, school manager, performance.


RESEARCH RESULTS

LIFELONG LEARNING POLICIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION AT INTERNATIONAL REGIONAL AND NATIONAL LEVELS. AN EXAMPLE OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS | Mihaela RUŞITORU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Lifelong learning policies are currently at the heart of national, European and international debates. In a context of permanent and rapid Europeanization and globalization, a major interplay occurs: How are education policies nowadays built? In this article, the issue is addressed in a triple register of hypotheses: on an international scale, education policies are correlated with the meaning assigned to the concept of “lifelong learning”; the European Union is aiming for a single and shared education policy for all Member States; in Romania, the educational policies had to face obstacles related to the political and economic instability and the mimicry of the Romanian political decision-makers. In order to verify the research assumptions, I undertook a qualitative-thematic analysis based on semi-direct interviews with officials and policy-makers from international organizations, the European Union and Romania. The research findings confirmed the three working hypotheses, bringing original elements in the debate about lifelong learning policies. This article briefly returns to the Romanian public the main stages of this vast research.

Key words: lifelong learning, education policies, political discourse analysis, international organizations, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the International Labor Organization, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, European Union, Romania.


A PROGRAM TO PLAN PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT: CONCEPTS, TENDENCIES, CHALLENGES | Maria GOGA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The research described in this article aims to explore the relevance of a program of personal development planning for students from universities. To achieve its purpose, in this study, they attended not only students but also teachers from the following universities – the University of Bucharest, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest, Bacău Alecsandri University.

Keywords: personal development planning, Higher Education, counselling.


FORMS FOR EVALUATION OF STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE | Cosmin Sergiu CREMENE

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This paper presents the most important forms of evaluation. To improve the system of evaluation we need to create a better bound between students and professors, the most important questions which must take into account by the teachers are numerous such as: What do we evaluate?, With what purpose we evaluate?, Who do we evaluate?, How do we evaluate?, When do we evaluate? and the most important is WITH WHAT DO WE EVALUATE? The evaluation represents a managerial action its own social human systems that require the reporting of the obtained results into a certain activity to a specific criteria set of the domain in making the optimal decision. The evaluation is the process aimed at measuring and to the value results of the education system or part of it, the effectiveness of resources, conditions and operations used in the activity in order to improve the decision-making of the activities. The main idea of this article is that professors must find the most effective solutions in the evaluation process of students. Students must receive explanations regarding the role that they have in today’s society, what they can do for a better society and to create new bridges crossing a heavy stage of their lives that is adult stage.

Keywords: evaluation, complementary methods, errors in didactical evaluation.


MENTORING PROGRAM FOR SCHOOL HEAD-TEACHERS IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION | Paul Blendea, Ovidiu MĂNTĂLUŢĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In this paper we intend to present the results of the research project entitled „Mentoring Program for school heads of pre-university educational units” (P. Blendea, ed., Institute of Educational Sciences, 2014). In the upper mentioned paper we aimed to determine if school heads believe that it is appropriate to introduce a mentoring program. We analyzed the training of teaching staff for the Office of the school head, have established awareness of the skills necessary for a school head and we have studied the extent to which the subjects know the best ways by which are trained the core competencies of the school head.

Keywords: mentor, mentoring programme, school head, training.


EDUCATION AGENDA

THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES AT ITS 25TH ANNIVERSARY

Full article


THE END OF THE JOURNEY, THE BEGINNING OF THE STORY – EDUCATION PRIORITY AREAS | Mircea Sorin MIRCEA, Alina-Mihaela MUNTEANU

Full article


GUIDING CITIES: THE INTEGRATION MODEL FOR COUNSELLING SERVICES- A PILOT ACTION | Petre BOTNARIUC

Full article


BOOK REVIEWS

MIHAELA SINGER, LIGIA SARIVAN, GHEORGHIŢA DOROBANŢU, IRINA STOENICĂ, LILIANA STAN. AVENTURA ÎNVĂŢĂRII (THE ADVENTURE OF LEARNING). Bucharest, Sigma Publishing House, 2014, 4 volumes, ISBN: 978-973-649-997-5 | Irina HORGA

Full review


STANLEY I. GREENSPAN with JACQUELINE SALMON. COPILUL CARE ÎŢI DĂ DE FURCĂ. CINCI TIPURI DE COPII „DIFICILI” (The Challenging Child: Understanding, Raising, and Enjoying the Five “Difficult” Types of Children, 1996, Da Capo Press). Bucharest, Trei Publishing House, 2015, 375 p., ISBN 978-606-719-062-5 | Andreea-Diana SCODA

Full review


WAYNE W. DYER. PUTEREA INTENŢIEI (The Power of Intention: Learning to Co-create Your World Your Way, 2010, Hay House). Translation: Adriana Ciorbaru. Bucharest, Curtea Veche Publishing House, 2012, 314 p., ISBN: 978-606-588-331-4 | Paul BLENDEA

Full review


HOWARD GARDNER, KATIE DAVIS. GENERAŢIA APP.  CUM NAVIGHEAZĂ TINERII PRIN UNIVERSUL DIGITAL AL IDENTITĂŢII, INITIMITĂŢII ŞI IMAGINAŢIEI (The App Generation: How Today’s Youth Navigate Identity, Intimacy, and Imagination in a Digital World, 2014, Yale University Press). Bucharest, Sigma Publishing House, 2015, 254p. ISBN: 978-606-727-136-2 | Ligia SARIVAN

Full review


FULL ISSUE

RP 2015 – 1

2015-1-cop-v300


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

INNOVATION, PARTICIPATION AND TRANSPARENCY IN THE CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT FOR PRIMARY EDUCATION, GRADES 3 AND 4 | Angela TEŞILEANU, Ciprian FARTUŞNIC

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Our paper analyses the development of the grades 3 and 4 curricula within the context of the new national curriculum. This process is at the crossroads of perspectives and it offers a detailed picture of the most important challenges the curriculum developers were confronted with as well as the innovative issues that stand as answers to such challenges. The paper also presents the curricula from their draft stage to that of the official document, as it gives highlights from the consultation process that involved both experts and practitioners. The experience is revealed in terms of the recorded data and is interpreted from the perspective of developing a culture of participation and transparency

Keywords: key competence, competence, subject curriculum, national curriculum, curriculum development, accountability.


PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES IN MENTORSHIP | Elena STĂNCULESCU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article presents an issue that has not been addressed so far in Romanian literature, namely the psychological issues within the mentoring relationship. Even in foreign literature, experts have explored more mentoring as such and less the psychological foundations of the relationship that builds in this context. This  article points out that the effectiveness of the mentoring relationship is influenced primarily by the mentor’s personality characteristics, such as generativity, empathy, easiness in establishing interpersonal relationships, positive attitude toward mentee, self-efficacy and integrity or moral verticality. Benefits of mentorship are found both in the case of the mentee and mentor, in terms of instrumental and psychosocial effects. We explored not only the benefits of the mentoring relationship but also any negative patterns that may occur under these conditions. Given the complexity of the mentor’s role and his/her contribution to the training of those in the early stages of the teaching career, we need further studies of the psychological issues that improves the relationship between mentor and mentee.

Keywords: mentor, mentee, mentoring benefits, supportive attitude, professional development.


THE TEACHING OF QUESTIONING – FROM THE GRAMMAR CLASS TO THE KNOW-HOW | Simona-Aida MANOLACHE

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Although most Romanian teachers of French language know very well the multiple functions of the questioning in everyday life (facilitating communication, stimulating reflection on one’s own person and others, encouraging creativity and research, etc.), they are often limited to teach students how to formulate questions correctly from a grammar point of view, without taking advantage of them to develop, through everyday practice, the general competences of young people. We intend to present some examples of strategies and activities based on interrogation, which, often enough proposed within a French language class seen as a foreign language, could contribute to the plenary development of Romanian pupils.

Keywords: questioning, action, learning ability, know-how.


THE INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LEARNING AND TECHNOLOGY THAT BEAR UPON MODERN EDUCATION MECHANISMS – SOME CONSIDERATIONS | Dragoş BARBIERU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Set along classical training forms and methods, eLearning can trigger new procedures to solve labour related problems, irrespective of the activity-driven work load. This modern form allows accomplishing tasks remotely, minimizing the needs for actual move and sudden breaks from current activities. When best tailored for teaching activities, eLearning raises a series of pedagogically, technologically and eventually pragmatically driven challenges. Yet, when facing new challenges, new requirements and educational necessity, we need more than technology and pedagogy can offer, we need new energies and new aspirations.

Keywords: eLearning, teaching activities, types of learning, work-based learning, advanced distributed learning.


TO WHAT EXTENT IS MATH HELPFUL? EXAMPLES OF APPLIED MATH: FROM FRACTIONS TO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN AN ORGANIZATION | Luminiţa CATANĂ

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Resource allocation is an important issue for managers and for the members of a team, and its fair solution is not possible without math. From simple fractions to the more complex mathematical models is nevertheless a long way. A general observation is that, usually, the resources are limited, or they have an accumulation rate slower than the people’s demands or needs, which causes dissatisfaction and even conflicts among the group members. This article addresses this issue with the use of mathematical support. Mathematics tells us that if we choose resource allocations strategies which allow every person to be satisfied with the resources he/she receives, or if the resources are shared in a „right” way, the dissatisfaction will be less frequent and with a lower intensity. This article presents, in an accessible way, some mathematical models which could be used as practical applications in entrepreneurial education or math classes in high-school, that give students a base for further discussions and learning.

Keywords: resource allocation, Game Theory, mathematical games.


RESEARCH RESULTS

ICT IN THE FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL IN MONTENEGRO | Veselin MIĆANOVIĆ, Dijana VUČKOVIĆ, Tatjana NOVOVIĆ

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This paper is exploratory in nature and refers to the contemporary methodological aspects of ICT implementation in early school education. Having in mind the importance of the need to modernize the process of knowledge acquisition in early school age, according to which education should be adapted to the students’ individual characteristics and needs, it is pointed out that modern information technology has great potential in the first grades. The study was conducted in three regions of Montenegro on a sample of 420 primary school teachers. The sample was heterogeneous both in terms of work experience and qualifications. Two goals have been highlighted: The theoretical aim of this paper is to highlight the need for modernization of primary school education; while, the research objective of this paper is to investigate the presence of ICT in the organization and implementation of primary school education, and the ability of teachers to apply it in their work. The results show an uneven geographical distribution of ICT in schools by region, but also a wide variety of answers regarding the independent variables: work experience and educational background of the respondents. We have identified some of the problems in teaching practice regarding the application of ICT in primary school education from the perspective of teachers and proposed measures in the conclusion to improve the current situation.

Keywords: ICT, primary school education, professional competence, student, teacher.


FILM EDUCATION | Cristian RĂDUCANU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The article is advocating that film education, and more generally multimedia education, should be an important part of the reform of the written curriculum in Romania. Film education is analyzed based on seven principles of the constructivist theory of learning: authenticity, visibility, high-order thinking skills, learning through metaphors, trasfer of learning competences across disciplines, moral purpose of education and self-regulation of the learning process. In support of the value of cinema in education the article presents the results of a survey administered to music college pupils, as well as four work sheets used in teaching history knowledge, cultural values and civic attitudes assisted by film.

Keywords: film education, authentic assessment, constructivism, project based learning, the reform of the integrated curriculum.


EVALUATION AND MOTIVATION | Cristian-Mihai POMOHACI

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: To what extent does a message sent by the teacher influence student involvement în a task? This is the question we attempt to answer. Specifically, by making use of statistical tools, we studied and compared the results achieved by two groups of students who received completely different messages from their teacher about the importance of testing right before undergoing the test, while working on a simple task that was not from their area of expertise. We found that the teacher’s messages influenced the success rate on the test. Receiving such a message on behalf of the teacher appears to stimulate the students’ interest in the tested subject, while other factors such aş the students’ gender do not appear to impact on test results in a significant way.

Keywords: student motivation, fluency in expression, motivation and assesment in higher education.


THE STUDENTS’ AGGRESSIVENESS – SOME GENDER DIFFERENCES | Maria GOGA, Dănuţ BĂRCĂCIANU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The research presented in this article aims at understanding the phenomenon of aggression within a group of 5-6 graders in secondary schools (VI-VII) from Bucharest and Ilfov county. To this purpose, both students and teachers have participated from the selected schools in Bucharest and Ilfov county. The phenomenon of aggression was explored from a gender perspective among students in the above mentioned group of schools.

Keywords: aggression, gender differences, lower secondary school.


PSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING OF FACULTY MEMBERS IN ROMANIA | Laura Elena CĂPIŢĂ, Simona Luciana VELEA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article presents an exploratory research regarding the pedagogical training of faculty members, conducted in the context of an ongoing project co-financed through the European Social Fund. The starting point of the research is that in the transition from „a teaching supply paradigm to a learning demand paradigm”, higher education institutions must approach the legal framework and best practices to diversify the continuous training of their teaching staff. Data obtained through quantitative tools support the design of training programs for faculty, but also further research to highlight the missions undertaken by universities in the teaching and learning area.

Keywords: teacher training, continuous professional development, psychological and pedagogical training, the mission of the university.


EDUCATION AGENDA

PROF. ELENA MOLDOVAN – OPEN LETTER TO THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION | Dan BADEA

Full article


IN MEMORIAM

NICOLAE SACĂLIŞ CALATA (28 JANUARY 1944 – 4 FEBRUARY 2015) | Dan BADEA

Full article


BOOK REVIEWS

FLORENTINA SÂMIHĂIAN. MOTHER TONGUE TEACHING AND LEARNING: CURRENT CHALLENGES FOR TEACHERS AND STUDENTS | Ligia SARIVAN

Full review


EUGENE R. SMOLEY. EFFECTIVE SCHOOL BOARDS: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING BOARD PERFORMANCE | Ovidiu MĂNTĂLUŢĂ

Full review


FULL ISSUE