All posts by cornel

RP-2019-1 (en)

2019-1-cover

EMPIRICAL STUDIES

Study on the Relationship Between Mindfulness and Work-Life Balance Levels in the Romanian Young Population | Ion-Ovidiu PÂNIŞOARĂ, Georgeta PÂNIŞOARĂ, Cristina SANDU, Ruxandra CHIRCA
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Abstract: The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between the levels of mindfulness and work-life balance at the Romanian young population. In the process of enhancing our levels of work-life balance, satisfaction or well being, mindfulness plays an essential role, proved by its practice and its applications. The quality of our professional life is a significant contributor to our quality of life as a whole. When society provides a qualitative professional life to its citizens, it also proves itself worthy of attracting and retaining employees. Mindfulness is not an independent concept, but one which positively influences multiple areas or dimensions of an individual’s life. These dimensions include: perspective, connection, choice, and self-knowledge. The subjects of this study were 60 young people, aged between 20-35. All of them were either students or graduates of higher education institutions. The methods used for this study were two questionnaires: the first one was a questionnaire for identifying the level of mindfulness, based on four dimensions – observe, describe, act with awareness and accept without judgement – and the second one – a scale for measuring the level of work-life balance. The results were processed in SPSS Statistics using the T-test for independent samples and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The results showed a strong relationship between the levels of mindfulness and work-life balance of the Romanian young population.

Keywords: Mindfulness, satisfaction, well-being, work-life balance

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Initial Teacher Training to Encourage Higher Order Skills in the ClassCristina TRIPON

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Abstract: Lifelong learning has become a necessity in most professions due to the information explosion and technology integration in daily work. Teachers, obviously, fall into this category, the teaching methods, and skills that need to be developed by students in need of continuous improvement. Changes in educational reform, too fast to adapt to children and teachers, also contribute to the daily school challenges. Ideally, the school should prepare its students for the challenges of an active life. But what happens when the labor market is still growing and the necessary skills for the future are not yet required at the current level? What happens when competencies of the 21st century or skills in the soft-skills category are not developed by the graduates, that is, by the teachers? This research has focused on a specially developed program, about 1 year, for future teachers. The main objective is to improve direct educational practices from the classroom by using teaching methods that encourage the development of higher-level thinking skills.
Keywords: Certification programs, high order thinking, teacher training

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School as a Learning Organization. School Climate in Digital SocietyMariana Georgiana MORARU

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Abstract: The paper analyses the components of the educational climate in the school organization. The latter facilitates and co-participates in the learning processes while constantly developing itself. The importance of the educational climate in defining a school is metaphorically underlined by Freiberh and Stein (1999), which described the school climate as “the heart and soul of the school, and the essence that directs teachers and pupils to love school and to want to be part of it.” In recent years, worrying studies have emerged about the feelings that both students and teachers associate with the school. According to a report on the state of education in Romania, published by UNICEF in 2013, our country is the last in Europe in terms of the well-being of young people. Even when it comes to teachers, the educational reality is not very different. A recent study (2018) by the Romanian Business Leaders Foundation (RBL) and D & D Research shows that Romania occupies the antepenultimate place in the world and the last place in Europe in global index of the status of teachers in society. In order to build a learning climate and to support the development of schools, it is first necessary to carefully analyse the many dimensions of the educational climate in order to understand the complexity and value of this concept.
Keywords: Dimensions, educational climate, educational resources, information society, school development, school organization

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Role Play in Building the Communicative Skills in Students from a
Technical University | Elena TIRON

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Abstract: The article presents a brief history of role play from Moreno’s work to the present time and the specificity of role play as a teaching method. The conceptual differences among similar interactive methods are identified: group work, thinking hats, the mosaic method. The didactic method of role play is applied to a group of 90 first-year students from a technical faculty, taking the subject of Communication Techniques, for 12 weeks. The research aims to develop professional communication skills by using role play. We identified the communication problem of the students from a technical faculty, set research objectives, present the research design, the results and their interpretation. The communication problem of the first year students from a technical faculty consists in the difficulty of dealing with active listening, empathy, negotiation with others. As a result, the research objectives focused on the development of these subcomponents of the communication competences. The criteria for assessing the application of this method for the development of professional communication competences are established by the teacher. Through the SWOT method applied at the end of the 12-weeks research, students highlighted the positive aspects, the negative ones, the opportunities and the risks of implementing role play. The conclusions of the paper emphasize the need to use interactive methods with the aim of developing students’ transversal competences, but also the limitations or inadequacies of these methods.
Keywords: Professional communication skills, role play, technical higher education, training

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The Use of Technology in STEM Education. An Empirical Research |
Olimpius ISTRATE, Cosmina MIRONOV, Anca POPOVICI
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Abstract: In Romania, the latest results in PISA as well as national exams show a decrease in the interest of students in studying sciences, whilst the results are much below the OECD average. The present study has been carried out at national level by a research team from the University of Bucharest within the framework of the international Horizon 2020 project Scientix, coordinated by European SchoolNet. The study addresses the beliefs and attitudes of STEM teachers in the pre-university education on current practices, evolution and trends in the science-related skills of students. Two investigative techniques have been used: document analysis and an online standardized questionnaire-based survey. The questionnaire was developed by Friday Institute for Educational Innovation, NC State University. So far, the quantitative data was collected from 259 STEM teachers. The survey invited teachers to express their opinions related to their attitudes, values and beliefs on their teaching efficacy, development of the 21st Century skills, educational leadership, as well as some other themes such as the extent to which teaching and teachers affect student learning, the amount and quality of use of ICT for learning in STEM classes, the frequency of using certain STEM instructional practices, awareness of STEM careers. This article’s focus is on one out of the seven constructs – the use of technology in STEM classes. The construct is operationalised in eight sub-items. The discussion on the each of the constructs as well as on the relations between them is quite relevant in the light of the relationship between beliefs and practices, while the results are quite striking, with impact on tailored professional development approached.
Keywords: Computer-assisted instruction, ICT tools in education, teachers, STEM education

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Creativity, Interdisciplinary Education and the Use of
Technology – Conditions for a Modern EducationAdina MIHAI (CĂLUGĂRU)
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Abstract: The teacher can develop the students’ creativity through different strategies, and it is up to him/her that the lessons should be attractive, interesting and lead on the one hand to a good collaboration among students, and on the other hand, to a good collaboration among the teacher and his/her students. Interdisciplinary teaching appears to be a necessity to overcome the artificial boundaries among disciplines and to correlate their contents, and the use of technology within classes helps to improve the educational process by seeking knowledge and skills that enable the student to adapt to the requirements of society, which are in constant evolution. The use of technology favours the teaching process through the following features: through multidisciplinary activities, by allowing access to non-school educational resources, by using images, sounds that facilitate the understanding of some abstract concepts, through the ability of searching for sources of information that stimulate curiosity, through the possibility of practicing for the formation of skills, through collaborative interactions in solving some projects. In order to achieve a modern, but also highly qualitative education, the teacher has to combine classical and modern methods correctly, to be creative, and the technology should be used with measure and at the right time. The key to the successful use of informational and communicational technology is not the choice of tools or programs, but the ability of the teacher to plan, create and implement a creative and effective activity.
Keywords: Collaboration, creativity, interdisciplinary teaching

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Developing Young Learners’ Oral Skills Through Storytelling with LEGO® | Diana COJOCNEAN

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Abstract: The current study shows how LEGO® was used as a learning tool in the foreign language classroom with young learners (7-10 years old) during an English Foreign Language (EFL) course in order to enhance fluency and develop students’ oral skills. The findings of this small-scale study support the idea that storytelling engages young learners in the process of foreign language learning and that LEGO® bricks could create contexts very favorable to language learning. Likewise, it indicates that students’ engagement in the storytelling task is determined by several factors, such as their interest in LEGO®, their level of assertiveness, their creativity and language level. As to the type of tasks, collaborative or individual, the current paper puts forward the idea that in the case of storytelling tasks, young learners perform better individually than in pairs or in small groups. This article approaches the language benefits of storytelling activities with young learners and displays a few pedagogical suggestions for the use of LEGO® as a language learning tool.
Keywords: Collaboration, EFL, engagement, LEGO, oral skills, storytelling

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Constrastive-Comparative Study on Students’ Perceptions of Using
Literary Texts as Authentic Language Learning ResourcesLilia PETRICIUC

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Abstract: This comparative study represents an attempt to identify students’ perceptions and needs at the same time, in terms of incorporating literary texts in the foreign language class. For quite a long time literary texts (LT) have been massively marginalized as a language learning resource and consequently students display significant deficiencies in interpreting figurative language, making inferences, thinking critically. The researcher assumes that revitalizing LT in the language class would bring multiple benefits to the students who learn EFL as part of a double program training them to become teachers of other subjects as well as primary and secondary school teachers in Moldova. It is a contrastive-comparative study involving 83 students, 48 undergraduates from the University of Granada and 35 from SPU “Ion Creangă” of Chişinău, Moldova. The data were collected through mixed instruments: all of the students filled in a survey for quantitative data and the students from Moldova participated in a semi-structured interview at the end of their 2nd year course in English. The findings reveal rather positive attitudes in favor of LT as a language learning resource, but at the same time there are differences between the perceptions of Spanish and Moldovan students. The pedagogical implications of the study for stakeholders at “Ion Creangă” University suggest reconsidering the EFL curriculum with a view of incorporating more LT alongside other types of authentic materials used to develop students’ language proficiency.
Keywords: Attitudes and perceptions, authentic materials, benefits, differences, literary texts

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The Lesson of literature and ICT. The Mentimeter ApplicationMihaela STANCIU

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Abstract: Progressively, the differences between generations can be observed in schools, not only from the mentality point of view, but also through the evolution of technology. Nowadays, school has to adapt to the society’s development rhythm and prepare the youth for the future, which is characterized by change, advanced technology and science. As a Romanian Literature and Language teacher, the question which is raised is in what way the strategies, methods, and means used in class can be updated to the new types of communication and the necessities that students have according to the fundamental change of the society, such that the connection teacher-student can be realised in a more constructive and motivational way. This article proposes a new way of reflection for teachers interested in the optimization of methods and teaching means used in class – Mentimeter represents an innovative element in Romania, but currently used in the United Kingdom for high-school classes and university lectures. We will take into consideration how to define this concept, the process, the necessary means and materials, the lesson category, how to give suitable tasks in order to highlight the teacher’s and student’s role, realising didactic applications. In our opinion, Mentimeter can be an ICT method used in education, but it’s success depends on the teachers’ creativity and open-mindedness to innovation.
Keywords: Didactic application, literature lesson, methods and means optimization, Mentimeter, society change

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Attitude of High school Students Towards the Use of Technology in
the Educational Process | Lavinia DRĂGAN

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Abstract: This paper takes into account the results of a sociological survey based on the opinion poll technique, using a thematic questionnaire. The sample construction (availability sample of a relatively small number of subjects) and the data analysis and interpretation make this research similar to qualitative studies. The questionnaire addresses high school students and it is designed to analyze their perceptions and attitudes about the use of technology in learning and assessment. Both the degree of technology use during individual study and research and the level of capitalization by teachers and pupils during lessons were taken into consideration. The sociological survey also captures the respondents’ opinions on how technology can be used in teaching social science. Taking into account the development of eight key competences established in accordance with the European norms, the way in which digital competencies development can be pursued – besides the general and specific competencies provided by the sociology curriculum – has been investigated. The research results indicate an increased level of students’ receptivity and interest towards the integration of technology in teaching social science, as well as an increase in efficiency regarding teaching aims and objectives. Also, an increase in learners’ intrinsic motivation to study and their willingness to play an active role in the educational process can be observed. In conclusion, integrating technology into the teaching-learning-evaluation process proves to be beneficial, equally meeting the needs of students and teachers.
Keywords: Digital competencies, highschool, social science, technology

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The Perspective and the Effects of Robotics Courses in School Education | Ana Maria POPA

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Abstract: This research has focused on exploring how the introduction of robotics classes in school can improve the educational process, especially in the direction of teaching children with the abilities of the 21st century, due to the new robotics that are attracting more and more. Two groups of students from a state school in Bucharest, Secondary School Nr. 195, participated in this research. The experimental group participated in the Robotics course and the control group participated in a course on Applied Mathematics in Transmission of the Movement, over a seven weeks period, in the year 2017. At that time, the students in both groups were in 3rd grade, their average ages was 9-10 years. The group that conducted the Robotics course had 33 students, and the group that developed the Applied Mathematics course in Transmitting the Movement had 37 students. For this research, LEGO kits such as Lego Mindstorm have been used and assimilated, allowing students to work in teams. This facilitated the understanding of the basic notions, and the children subsequently succeeded in expressing and developing their own ideas. The notions of robotics, the basic technological concepts have been easily assimilated by groups of students aged 10. Student debates, mathematical problem solving, teamwork, and the interest of children in the process of designing robots shows that robotics is a winning discipline.
Keywords: Children, math, problems, robotics, solution
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R E V I E W S

SPERANŢA FARCA. CHILD’S INDEPENDENCY. FEAR OF SEPARATION. Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2018, 271 pages, ISBN 978-973-50-6153-1 | Andreea-Diana SCODA

Full review

IN MEMORIAM

In memoriam. Gabriel Albu, the Pedagogue | Irina HORGA

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* * *
School Development through eTwinning

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FULL ISSUE

CALL FOR PAPERS – JOURNAL of PEDAGOGY No. 2 / 2019

CALL FOR PAPERS

REVISTA de PEDAGOGIE – JOURNAL of PEDAGOGY No. 2 / 2019

Place of publication
Romania

Type of publication
Online and print

Publication date
December 2019

Published by
Institute of Educational Sciences

ISSN
(print) 0034-8678; (online) 2559-639X

Topics
Journal of Pedagogy (Revista de Pedagogie) is an academic journal mainly oriented towards scientific activity in the field of education, promoting relevant theoretical, methodological and empirical analyses connected to this area:

  • theoretical approaches in education (for example, fundamental research, educational policy analysis, European benchmarks, comparative research, feasibility studies);
  •  research results, intervention models, case studies and best practices in education;
  • results of relevant projects for the education system;
  • reviews of relevant national and international works. Journal articles and book reviews are dedicated to stimulate debate and facilitate academic networking between scholars and practitioners interested in these topics.

The 2019/2 issue will include articles in the field of education, focusing on the implications of creativity in learning processes and in designing and innovating educational practices. The issue will be coordinated by Mirela Alexandru, scientific researcher.

Deadlines
Authors should send the title and the abstract of their paper (200-250 words) to revped@ise.ro until the 15th of August 2019. By the same date, persons willing to submit a book review should inform the editorial board about the work being reviewed.

The deadline for paper/book review submission is 1st of October 2019.

Editorial Policies and Guidelines for Contributors
The manuscripts can be written in Romanian or in English (preferably in English) and they have to comply with the editing requirements of the journal, as presented in the Paper Template available on the journal’s webpages about Editorial Policy and Author Guidelines.

Publishing the articles is free of charge. Authors should ensure that their submissions are original contributions and should not be under consideration for any other publication at the same time. All submitted articles are subject to a rigorous peer review process, based on initial editor screening and double-blind refereeing by a minimum of two reviewers.

Full guidelines for the presentation of the papers and more details about the editorial policy of the journal are available at the editorial policy section from the website.

Indexing
The journal is indexed in Crossref, DOAJ, De Gruyter (IBZ and IBR), ERIH PLUS and Ulrichsweb. Articles on Higher Education subjects can also be indexed in HEDBIB.

For further inquiries please contact the editorial board at the following email address: revped@ise.ro.

RP 2016 – 2

2016-02-cop-h150


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

SOMETHING OLD, SOMETHING NEW… REFLECTIONS ON THE ROLE OF LITERARY TEXT IN TEACHING EFL | Stela ROŞCOVAN

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Abstract: This article highlights the educational and instructional value of literary texts in the EFL classroom, pointing at various strategies that can be applied to actively involve learners in text-related activities and in communicative activities that go beyond the text, among which, heuristic ones. The literary text has been overshadowed and underappreciated as a teaching resource in EFL and this article is trying to revive it stressing the manifold benefits it can have for the learner.

Keywords: literary text, heuristic strategy, competence, reading, involvement. 


EQUITY – BETWEEN DECLARATION AND REALITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION | Irina HORGA, Otilia APOSTU

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Abstract: This article presents the equity problematic in higher education from an historical perspective. The analyse makes general references to the international context and undertakes a specific approach upon the Romanian higher education. The data relay on an incursion in the legislation level and into specific educational practices for every historical period. In the Romanian higher education the equity was approached from the perspective of the equal access and equal opportunities at the admission, along the studies and at the departure from the educational system.

Keywords: equity, higher education, affirmative measures, university autonomy. 


IN-SERVICE TEACHER TRAINING IN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION | Ana-Maria Aurelia PETRESCU, Ioana STĂNCESCU

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Abstract: We live in a society that is in a constant and rapid change process, a society in which lifelong learning continues to be a main engine, even if formal education, in its traditional form, tends to lose ground in front of the other two forms: non-formal and informal education. Contemporary man cannot be limited only to acquire a large volume of knowledge. It becomes more important the pragmatic vision on education, which is to know what to do, how to use knowledge products, to structure a set of functional knowledge and then convert this knowledge into constructive attitudes and behaviors. As such, it is an imperative for teachers to pay particular attention to develop their own professional and transversal competences, specific for non-formal education area. This form of education, perceived as a bridge between school education/formal education and informal education, mainly carried out in the family and in society, in general, represent a favourable educational context to the personality development of modern man.

Keywords: formal education, non-formal education, informal education, professional competences, transversal competences. 


ON A POSSIBLE PEDAGOGICAL ADJUSTMENT OF THE LESSON | Cristian PETRE

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Abstract: The actual context of educational praxis is adjusted, in education policy, by a precise reference: competence-based curriculum. Motivation for such (re)orientation generates complementary effects: focusing on student, focusing on learning. The informational offer regarding the territories of significance which are associated with new milestones-concept is rich and heterogeneous, and through these attributes, generating confusion and nutritional for apories. Under a state of necessity (that of a unified vision, coherent and cohesive reflected in concrete efforts by learning management), how can be negotiated the diversity of competence’s meanings (as finality of school learning)? In this context stimulated by paradigmatic remodelling which are the practical effects teacher can manage? The theoretical „infrastructure” regarding lesson remains valid, in the conditions of an analytical modelling which operates with variables such as „knowledge”, „abilities”, „attitude”? The relative rhetorical character of the last sentence receives during this material a confirmation of the utility of a more complex approach that does not ignore a multiple resizing lesson: structural, temporal, typological, designing, conceptual. The paper addresses to teachers and those who are forming for this profession. It is proposed as a management lesson’s interpretative and methodological alternative.

Keywords: class learning, home learning, competencies, lesson. 


PARTICULARITIES OF EDUCATION FOR VALUES AT PRESCHOOL AGE | Adriana NICU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: By means of the purpose of education, axiology proves itself to be necessary in the educational process. Concepts like evaluation, value and valorization are inter-related and they originate in fairy tales and legends. Kindergarden plays an overwhelming role in the child’s axiological values. The article refers to the selection and organizing of a set of values in a preschool education curriculum where children are prepared for a dynamic world. Multiculturalism leads to the incorporation of individual and national values into a universal value of all mankind.

Keywords: axiological education, value, preschool age, axiological exercises. 


THE DISCIPLINE OF THE PRESCHOOL CHILD. AN OVERVIEW OF DISCIPLINE ISSUES IN MONTESSORI PRESCHOOL EDUCATION | Izabela Cezarina Tatiana BĂRBIERU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Regarding the evolution of discipline in history it is noticed the fact that it was based on coercive methods like constraint and corporal punishment. Nowadays, the matter of discipline in education is in the foreground. Therefore, approaching this matter must be made from the beginning, from preschool. Starting from defining the concept, the article presents a new approach for the discipline of the child. The Montessori methods presents the model of active discipline by placing the child into a prepared environment according to his needs, having the freedom to choose his materials under the apparently passive guidance of the educator. The child’s interest toward the materials that are especially conceived induces active and spontaneous concentration, which represents the first step in correcting the behavioural deviations.

Keywords: discipline, preschool, freedom, normalization, Montessori. 


RESEARCH RESULTS

CAREER COACHING IN THE DUTCH HIGHER EDUCATION. A CASE STUDY | Tatiana CIFF, Miriam TERPSTRA

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article aims to present an overview of the theoretical framework of the career orientation programmes in the higher education in The Netherlands in general, and exemplify it, by presenting the structure and implementation of one of these programmes that is implemented in an Applied Sciences University, in particular.

Keywords: SCP (Student Career Planning), PDP (Personal Development Planning). 


INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION: A CLIL APPROACH IN TEACHING ENGLISH | Ionuț CĂPENEAŢĂ

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The paper tries to present an optional course designed to develop the students’ intercultural communication competences, but also their competences in English in an integrated way, and its results after six months. The target group is represented by a class of philology – intensive English, 11th grade, and a B1 level, according to the European Framework of Reference for Languages, but with a low motivation for studying English. Besides developing competences in English and in intercultural communication, this course also tries to facilitate the students’ transition to the B2 level, supposing a higher degree of abstraction. This course was designed in September 2015 and have been implemented throughout the school year 2015-2016. Since its beginning, the course was successful, being seen as a novelty and an alternative to the classical curriculum, and after six months the results are notable: the students are more involved and their motivation considerably increased.  The case of three students is also notable, while they managed to improve their communication competences, reaching the B1 level, as shown in the results of a test applied after three months.

Keywords: CLIL, motivation, involvement, communication competences. 


ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN EDUCATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS | Roxana ENACHE

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The teacher’s authority should not be confused with authoritarianism and should not be used as a power source. Teacher’s authority should be used as a means of preparing for autonomy, objectivity in social interaction, freedom of conscious youth. In education management there is a formal authority and position, legitimate stated, and a functional competence. Formal authority has negative effects on the development of pupils and it is generating psychosocial conflicts and low yield. Formal authority is the authority that derives from the manifestation of a socio-professional standing, and the competence-based one is manifested through the skills and competences of the teacher proven in the educational context. In the efficient educational management authority based on competence works better than the formal authority. Sources of the competence-based authority are teaching skills, methodological, organizational and assessment skills.

Keywords: authority of the teacher, students’ autonomy and accountability, formal authority, competence-based authority. 


MOTIVATING YOUNG LEARNERS IN A PRIMARY SCHOOL IN ROMANIA | Diana COJOCNEAN, Stanca IUREAN

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The current study presents the way an educational institution from Romania uses certain motivational strategies for primary school students, parents’ perceptions as to the efficiency of these strategies and also teachers’ perspective on the use of motivational strategies in the classroom. The study took place in a private educational institution from Cluj-Napoca and it presents data collected from an online questionnaire and from teacher observation sheets. Therefore, the data collected from two sources indicate the way the existing motivational strategies are perceived by parents and by the teachers using them. The main purpose of the study was the investigation of the way primary school students feel about the following motivational strategies: Golden Time, Star of the Week and Spectrum Points as well as the perceived effectiveness of these strategies by parents and primary school teachers

Keywords: motivational strategies, extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, classroom research, social context, rewards. 


I TEACH DIVERSITY IN MY CLASSES AND THE STUDENTS LOVE IT! A CJI PROGRAM PRESENTATION | Alina BĂLAN

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The educational programme „I TEACH DIVERSITY AT MY CLASSES AND THE STUDENTS LIKE IT!” coordinated by the Center for Independent Journalism Bucharest aimed to facilitate youth’ access to information regarding the civic rights and obligations, the European laws of democracy, the constitutional values. It is using an innovative methodology adapted to the students’ age-specific challenges and concerns (such as communication in the virtual environment). By integrating the educational activities in the framework of the Romanian language and literature classes it is enhancing the motivation for learning, in general. The project empowered the school organization with several educational activities according to the actual imperatives of education for diversity, dealing with topics of interest for students such as: aspects of diversity, domestic violence, discrimination/ no hate speech/ safety/ challenges of the Internet, theater improvisations, thematic debates and educational films followed by sessions of questions and answers.

Keywords: diversity, social inclusion, discrimination. 


CULTURE THROUGH MUSIC: KODALY, DALCROZE AND ORFF – THREE METHODS IN MUSIC EDUCATION WHICH HELP US UNDERSTAND MUSIC DIFFERENTLY | Ioana MARGHITA, Roxana BRIŞCARIU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In a context where it becomes more and more evident that the traditional method of teaching sound art is not the only valid solution for general music education, the project „Culture through Music” brings about an invigorating perspective, providing hands-on experience with three methods which have already proven to be a success internationally, methods on which Romanian pedagogists have had only abstract information, available in specialist dictionaries and publications. The educational principles and strategies employed by the Dalcroze, Orff and Kodály methods often coincide, in a consensus proving their otherwise holistic nature, which becomes more important than their differentiating elements. From Dalcroze, where body movement is intimately linked to music, and the natural response of the body complements the sound, to Orff, focusing on the importance of instrumental improvisation, and on words, with their rhythmic profiles which lay the foundation of sound art, to Kodály, promoter of singing, which makes the concepts of sound much more naturally understood and assimilated, all three methods plead for reclaiming the inner child, always ready to play and rejoice with sounds.

Keywords: music, Dalcroze, Orff, Kodály, education, pedagogy. 


EDUCATION AGENDA

THE EUROGUIDANCE CONFERENCE COUNSELLING AND GUIDANCE IN SCHOOL CURRICULUM | Angela ANDREI

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TOWARDS RESEARCH-BASED EDUCATIONAL POLICIES. MECHANISMS OF KNOWLEDGE MOBILISATION AND RESEARCH BROKERING IN EDUCATION (IMPACT2) | Elena MARIN, Georgeta ION, Romiţă IUCU, Mihaela STÎNGU, Simona IFTIMESCU, Carmen PROTEASA

Full article 


A STUDY TRIP TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. EXPERIENCES AND LEARNED LESSONS | Magdalena BALICA, Angela TEŞILEANU

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BOOK REVIEWS

ISTVÁN MURÁNYI (ed.). ETERNAL RETURN? THE SPECTER OF RADICALISM AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN EUROPE AND HUNGARY. Budapest, L’Harmattan, 2015, 224 p., ISBN 978-2-343-08456-5 | Ana-Maria DALU

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FULL ISSUE

RP 2016 – 1

2016-01-cop-v300


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

ARE SKILLS FORECASTS USEFUL FOR GUIDANCE AND CAREERS EDUCATION? | Pedro Moreno DA FONSECA

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The utility and adequacy of skills forecasts to support the work developed in career guidance and counselling and careers education is discussed. To do so the quality of underlying survey data is analysed and career learning theory is used to discuss their potential role in developing career management skills of individuals. Conclusions indicate that forecasts utility is increased by combining distinct sources of data in career services provision and by widening the range for speculative utilisation of data. Examples of successful integration of forecasts in practice oriented career learning activities are provided.

Keywords: Career guidance, Careers Education, Forecasts, Skills forecasts, Career learning, Labour market information.


COMPROMISED MISSION: VOCATIONAL INDECISION | László BRASSAI

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The theoretical approach and the empirical results point that vocational decision is an important task in the development of identity, decisional maturity which in the same time revealing optimal functioning of personality. This developmentally salient situation is passed successfully by those with clear options, while being perceived as a source of major stress by those with doubts of their choice, or to choosing between vocational alternatives (undecided) and by those with no alternatives, or uninterested in vocational decision (indecisiveness) alike. Some of the causes if vocational indecisiveness have been identified early on, this being the order informational, competences or emotional. The existential framework can provide a process-oriented framework for interpreting career indecisiveness. This article focus on existential consideration for career counselling highlighted the added values of existential approach in interpreting career indecisiveness.

Keywords: adolescence, career indecisiveness, existential theory.


THE ROLE OF COUNSELLING IN DEVELOPING THE STUDENTS’ EDUCATIONAL RESILIENCE | Ramona Elena ANGHEL

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Promoting educational resilience is necessary in our society, considering the high number of students that are confronted with many adverse conditions – from individual risk factors to systemic ones – that affect their academic and professional development. Educational resilient students maintain their motivation for learning and they succeed academically despite the influence of risk factors that make them vulnerable to school failure. School counselling has an active and meaningful role in developing students’ educational resilience, through direct interventions as well as programs addressed to the teachers and parents, or through activities that support school-community partnerships.

Keywords: educational resilience, students, school counselling, resources.


HOW TO MAKE USE OF LEARNING OUTCOMES-BASED ASSESSMENT. EXAMPLES FROM RELIGIOUS EDUCATION | Emil LAZĂR

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Résumé: L’éducation comprend deux parties complémentaires, l’une anthropologique et autre expressive (manifeste). Les attitudes et les valeurs religieuses sont font partie du domaine affectif. Le table avec les niveaux données des résultats d’apprentissage est une proposition pour une possible grille d’évaluation appréciatif-qualitative positive (pour montrer ce qu’il faut corrigé) dans l’éducation religieuse. Chaque niveau est défini d’un ensemble de descripteurs quels indiquent les résultats d’apprentissage relève pour les compétences aproprié du niveau respectif.

Les mots-clé: évaluation, éducation religieuse, résultats d’apprentissage, niveaux d’appréciation, table des niveaux.

Abstract:

From the perspective of values, education involves two complementary parts, one anthropological and one manifest. Religious attitudes and values belong to the affective field. These are decomposable units that are hard to evaluate. The matrix of learning outcomes is a project for a positive positive-qualitative evaluation grid proposed for use in the religious education. Each level is defined by a set of descriptors that indicate learning outcomes relevant to the competencies corresponding to that level.

Keywords: Evaluation, religious education, learning outcomes, levels of appreciation, matrices.


MULTIGRADE EDUCATION IN EUROPE | Irina Roxana ACATRINEI

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Each child has the right to be understood and encouraged during the learning process. They are different in their development, learning styles, individual features. In a multigrade classroom, there are also age differences. In a multigrade class, teaching means working simultaneously with two, three or four classes, in the same time, depending on the number of students. The educational process is conducted according to the same plan and curricula available to other schools. The multigrade teaching continues to be a reality in our days. The geographical specificity of some countries, the social and economic situation of the provinces contribute to its preservation. It is our duty, of everyone to know its specifics and to invest in human and material resources.

Keywords: management, competence, school manager, performance


RESEARCH RESULTS

THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY. INTERVIEW-BASED STUDY WITH INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN OFFICIALS, POLICY-MAKERS AND JUDGES | Mihaela-Viorica RUŞITORU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The right to education is a social right guaranteed by both European and wider international legal tools such as the European Convention on Human Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The hypothesis of this research was that the right to education evolves constantly, influencing educational policies. An interview-based study with officials, judges and policymakers from UNESCO, OECD, ILO, CoE, ECHR and CJEU was mobilised in order to check this hypothesis. The thematic analysis demonstrated that the right to education encompasses, not only margin of appreciation and subsidiarity, but also axes concerning compulsory education and alphabetisation, mobility and non-discrimination.

Keywords: right to education, political analysis, International Organisations, United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organisation (UNESCO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), International Labour Organisation (ILO), Council of Europe (CoE), European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), European Union (EU), Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU).


TEACHERS’ USE AND PERCEPTIONS OF DIGITAL SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS IN ROMANIA | Diana COJOCNEAN

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The current study presents the case of the Romanian education system adopting digital textbooks in primary school. The study is based on the data collected from a one-question online survey conducted within the online teachers’ community,didactic.ro, and on qualitative data collected from two sources, firstly, a ethnographic source, namely, teachers’ online comments to the one-question survey and secondly, English teachers’ answers to an online open ended questionnaire. The data from these sources were triangulated in order to render a better picture of the use and perceptions of digital textbooks in the Romanian education system. The main aim of the study was to investigate the way primary school teachers use the available digital textbooks but also to examine the extent to which these textbooks are perceived as useful or not by primary school teachers and to identify the possible faults and positive aspects related to the use and content of digital textbooks.

Keywords: e-learning, digital textbooks, digitization policy, computer assisted language learning (CALL), mobile assisted language learning (MALL).


THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS STUDENTS (SEN) AND THEIR SCHOOL MATES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION | Nicoleta ADET, Cristian-Mihai POMOHACI

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The main components of inclusive education are access and equal opportunities. This creates a friendly environment where the student can feel good and reach his full potential. The transition to inclusive education depends on the willingness and openness to diversity of a number of components of the educational process, as well as of the students as a human resource from inclusive schools. Seen as in Romania there are no fully inclusive schools, but only integrating schools, we point out possible directions for inclusive education to take which will improve conditions for students integrated in normal schools. This study is part of a larger research project. Here we focus on aspects that improve the wellbeing of students with special educational needs (CES acronym in Romania) with respect to relations with the other pupils.

Keywords: inclusion, integration, wellness, special educational needs, tolerance.


A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON STUDENTS’ AND EMPLOYERS’ PERCEPTION ON COMPETENCIES AND SKILLS ACQUIRED TO ACCESS THE JOB MARKET | Manuela EPURE, Ruxandra Eleonora VASILESCU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The graduates’ access in the job market is secured, to a large extent, by the level of training on completion of studies, i.e. the acquired competencies and skills. At the same time, the employers are concerned with attracting young graduates not only holders of a university degree, but those who make the proof of a good theoretical and practical training, to meet the current demands and perform well on the job. The POSDRU competition gave us the opportunity to have the Adapt2jobs (www.adapt2jobs.ro) project financed, and enabled us this study. The comparative study was designed on the principles of quantitative research and was possible as a result of processing the data collected during two student and employer surveys, basically aiming at the same variables. The originality of the study lies in the simultaneous analysis of both the students’ and the employers’ perception over the same variable, e.g. the capacity to identify problems and find solutions. The results of the study were used during the implementation of the Adapt2jobs project and underlied the intervention on the curriculum but also on the content of three different areas of studies: social sciences, economic sciences and architecture.

Keywords: competencies, skills, curriculum, survey, employers, students, job market, UBC (University-Business Cooperation).


EDUCATION AGENDA

THE PROJECT “PREVENTING AND REDUCING SCHOOL BULLYING THROUGH DEMOCRATIC CITIZENSHIP AND HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION” | Andreea-Diana SCODA

Full article


eTWINNING ROMANIA – THE RESULTS IN 2015 | Alexandra ARAMĂ, Oana GHEORGHE

Full article


“SUPPORT CULTURE IN EDUCATION”. DEVELOPING A KNOWLEDGE-BASED NETWORK TO FACILITATE ACCESS TO CULTURE IN ROMANIAN SCHOOLS | Raluca IACOB

Full article


WHAT CHANGES WOULD YOU LIKE TO SEE IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM? RESPONSES FROM AMERICAN PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS | John Robert MUNDAHL

Full article


BOOK REVIEWS

ROBERT J. MARZANO. ARTA ŞI ŞTIINŢA PREDĂRII: UN CADRU CUPRINZĂTOR PENTRU O INSTRUIRE EFICIENTĂ (The art and science of teaching: a comprehensive framework for effective instruction, 2007, ASCD, Virginia). Bucharest, Trei Publishing House, 2015, 365 p., ISBN 978-606-719-318-3 | Armand A. VOINOV

Full review


FULL ISSUE

RP 2015 – 2

RP-2015-2-cop-150


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

WHY AND HOW TO INVEST IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION. SECONDARY ANALYSIS ON THE INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCES OF EDUCATION | Pierre VARLY, Ciprian FARTUŞNIC, Amal HMIMOU and M’Barek IAOUSSE

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In 2014, UNICEF Romania commissioned a study on the individual educational returns in Romania. Several surveys on households and labour were analysed. This work completes the calculation of individual education returns using the Mincer model. Estimates of authors are very close to the calculations made by other researchers. Educational yields are slightly after 1989. They are higher for the Roma minority, married people, urban, Bucharest and industry. The marginal yield per year of earnings education is 8.8% according to SILC data (2012). Each additional school year reduces the probability of poor health or chronic illness by 8.2%. Non-cognitive skills can be increasingly taken into account in the calculation of returns and educational policies. Yields can be improved by better matching the training offer to the labour market, noting the competitive nature of wages in the public sector. The migration of Romanian workers into the European Union and its effects on educational returns should be better studied. Some technical recommendations are formulated, in particular to improve statistics on the Roma population and its relationship with school. Some investment priorities in education are proposed, taking into account returns and taking into account the reduction of inequalities in access to education.

Key words: educational returns, migration, Roma.


SOME REFLECTIONS ON FACTORS INFLUENCING FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING | Lilia Petriciuc

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article represents an attempt to identify and assess various external and internal factors that play a crucial role in foreign language learning and how formal and informal instruction contributes to the development of learners’ communicative competence. The main questions we are trying to answer refer to why students do not always succeed in becoming proficient in English, despite the many hours of study and the teachers’ efforts to use extensively authentic materials and up-to-date methods and techniques.

Keywords: communicative competence, language acquisition, linguistic knowledge, formal/informal instruction, internal/external factors.


NEETS – RISC BEHAVIORS | Ioana ŞTEFĂNESCU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In 2014, the Institute of Educational Sciences of Bucharest has proposed to make a qualitative research on the NEETs issues in Romania, based on a qualitative investigative approach. This approach involved the development and operationalization of indicators and key concepts, including NEETs category. The analysis of the studies, investigations and policy papers, and field research, have brought to light the very serious problems facing this vulnerable category of population. This article presents some of the conclusions of this research.

Keywords:  young people, NEETs category, environmental transgression, human development needs, education, the residual culture.


THE MINDSET CONTRIBUTION TO FACILITATE AND UNDERMINE STUDENTS’ LEARNING | Lucian VOINEA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The present article shows the students’ mindset influence on their learning motivation. Our presentation is based on results of the research made by psychologist Carol Dweck. The two theories that frame the mindset approach are: persons’ attributions regarding learning success or failure and persons’ implicit theories regarding ability or intelligence – fixed or incrementalist. We will show the role that the mindset has in a persons’ choice of a learning scope (performance or learning/task mastery) and bring into the forefront the effects the mindset has on students’ affect, cognition and behavior when they are facing challenging or difficult tasks, highlighting the adaptative or maladaptative character of their answer.

Keywords: mindset, ability, learning scope, affect, behavior.


THE IMPACT OF MANAGERIAL COMPETENCE ON THE SCHOOL ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE | Cristina STAN, Olga-Maria CIUCĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The concept of competence in science education is in the midst of individual and collective performance. The complexity of the activity of running school has found a certain specific of its management that is materialized in two dimensions of the school activity: the variety of categories of staff and the interpersonal relationship, culture and work climate. All these result in the formation and development of a set of skills specific to the managerial field and necessary to the director of school in performing different roles sprung from this activity. The article aims to highlight the fact that the educational system is a positive association bet between managerial competencies and the performance of management improvement of managerial skills is an imperative for a performance management in pre university education and beyond.

Keywords: management, competence, school manager, performance.


RESEARCH RESULTS

LIFELONG LEARNING POLICIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION AT INTERNATIONAL REGIONAL AND NATIONAL LEVELS. AN EXAMPLE OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH AND SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS | Mihaela RUŞITORU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Lifelong learning policies are currently at the heart of national, European and international debates. In a context of permanent and rapid Europeanization and globalization, a major interplay occurs: How are education policies nowadays built? In this article, the issue is addressed in a triple register of hypotheses: on an international scale, education policies are correlated with the meaning assigned to the concept of “lifelong learning”; the European Union is aiming for a single and shared education policy for all Member States; in Romania, the educational policies had to face obstacles related to the political and economic instability and the mimicry of the Romanian political decision-makers. In order to verify the research assumptions, I undertook a qualitative-thematic analysis based on semi-direct interviews with officials and policy-makers from international organizations, the European Union and Romania. The research findings confirmed the three working hypotheses, bringing original elements in the debate about lifelong learning policies. This article briefly returns to the Romanian public the main stages of this vast research.

Key words: lifelong learning, education policies, political discourse analysis, international organizations, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the International Labor Organization, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, European Union, Romania.


A PROGRAM TO PLAN PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT: CONCEPTS, TENDENCIES, CHALLENGES | Maria GOGA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The research described in this article aims to explore the relevance of a program of personal development planning for students from universities. To achieve its purpose, in this study, they attended not only students but also teachers from the following universities – the University of Bucharest, Technical University of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Bucharest, University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Bucharest, Bacău Alecsandri University.

Keywords: personal development planning, Higher Education, counselling.


FORMS FOR EVALUATION OF STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE | Cosmin Sergiu CREMENE

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This paper presents the most important forms of evaluation. To improve the system of evaluation we need to create a better bound between students and professors, the most important questions which must take into account by the teachers are numerous such as: What do we evaluate?, With what purpose we evaluate?, Who do we evaluate?, How do we evaluate?, When do we evaluate? and the most important is WITH WHAT DO WE EVALUATE? The evaluation represents a managerial action its own social human systems that require the reporting of the obtained results into a certain activity to a specific criteria set of the domain in making the optimal decision. The evaluation is the process aimed at measuring and to the value results of the education system or part of it, the effectiveness of resources, conditions and operations used in the activity in order to improve the decision-making of the activities. The main idea of this article is that professors must find the most effective solutions in the evaluation process of students. Students must receive explanations regarding the role that they have in today’s society, what they can do for a better society and to create new bridges crossing a heavy stage of their lives that is adult stage.

Keywords: evaluation, complementary methods, errors in didactical evaluation.


MENTORING PROGRAM FOR SCHOOL HEAD-TEACHERS IN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION | Paul Blendea, Ovidiu MĂNTĂLUŢĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: In this paper we intend to present the results of the research project entitled „Mentoring Program for school heads of pre-university educational units” (P. Blendea, ed., Institute of Educational Sciences, 2014). In the upper mentioned paper we aimed to determine if school heads believe that it is appropriate to introduce a mentoring program. We analyzed the training of teaching staff for the Office of the school head, have established awareness of the skills necessary for a school head and we have studied the extent to which the subjects know the best ways by which are trained the core competencies of the school head.

Keywords: mentor, mentoring programme, school head, training.


EDUCATION AGENDA

THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES AT ITS 25TH ANNIVERSARY

Full article


THE END OF THE JOURNEY, THE BEGINNING OF THE STORY – EDUCATION PRIORITY AREAS | Mircea Sorin MIRCEA, Alina-Mihaela MUNTEANU

Full article


GUIDING CITIES: THE INTEGRATION MODEL FOR COUNSELLING SERVICES- A PILOT ACTION | Petre BOTNARIUC

Full article


BOOK REVIEWS

MIHAELA SINGER, LIGIA SARIVAN, GHEORGHIŢA DOROBANŢU, IRINA STOENICĂ, LILIANA STAN. AVENTURA ÎNVĂŢĂRII (THE ADVENTURE OF LEARNING). Bucharest, Sigma Publishing House, 2014, 4 volumes, ISBN: 978-973-649-997-5 | Irina HORGA

Full review


STANLEY I. GREENSPAN with JACQUELINE SALMON. COPILUL CARE ÎŢI DĂ DE FURCĂ. CINCI TIPURI DE COPII „DIFICILI” (The Challenging Child: Understanding, Raising, and Enjoying the Five “Difficult” Types of Children, 1996, Da Capo Press). Bucharest, Trei Publishing House, 2015, 375 p., ISBN 978-606-719-062-5 | Andreea-Diana SCODA

Full review


WAYNE W. DYER. PUTEREA INTENŢIEI (The Power of Intention: Learning to Co-create Your World Your Way, 2010, Hay House). Translation: Adriana Ciorbaru. Bucharest, Curtea Veche Publishing House, 2012, 314 p., ISBN: 978-606-588-331-4 | Paul BLENDEA

Full review


HOWARD GARDNER, KATIE DAVIS. GENERAŢIA APP.  CUM NAVIGHEAZĂ TINERII PRIN UNIVERSUL DIGITAL AL IDENTITĂŢII, INITIMITĂŢII ŞI IMAGINAŢIEI (The App Generation: How Today’s Youth Navigate Identity, Intimacy, and Imagination in a Digital World, 2014, Yale University Press). Bucharest, Sigma Publishing House, 2015, 254p. ISBN: 978-606-727-136-2 | Ligia SARIVAN

Full review


FULL ISSUE

RP 2015 – 1

2015-1-cop-v300


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

INNOVATION, PARTICIPATION AND TRANSPARENCY IN THE CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT FOR PRIMARY EDUCATION, GRADES 3 AND 4 | Angela TEŞILEANU, Ciprian FARTUŞNIC

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Our paper analyses the development of the grades 3 and 4 curricula within the context of the new national curriculum. This process is at the crossroads of perspectives and it offers a detailed picture of the most important challenges the curriculum developers were confronted with as well as the innovative issues that stand as answers to such challenges. The paper also presents the curricula from their draft stage to that of the official document, as it gives highlights from the consultation process that involved both experts and practitioners. The experience is revealed in terms of the recorded data and is interpreted from the perspective of developing a culture of participation and transparency

Keywords: key competence, competence, subject curriculum, national curriculum, curriculum development, accountability.


PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES IN MENTORSHIP | Elena STĂNCULESCU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article presents an issue that has not been addressed so far in Romanian literature, namely the psychological issues within the mentoring relationship. Even in foreign literature, experts have explored more mentoring as such and less the psychological foundations of the relationship that builds in this context. This  article points out that the effectiveness of the mentoring relationship is influenced primarily by the mentor’s personality characteristics, such as generativity, empathy, easiness in establishing interpersonal relationships, positive attitude toward mentee, self-efficacy and integrity or moral verticality. Benefits of mentorship are found both in the case of the mentee and mentor, in terms of instrumental and psychosocial effects. We explored not only the benefits of the mentoring relationship but also any negative patterns that may occur under these conditions. Given the complexity of the mentor’s role and his/her contribution to the training of those in the early stages of the teaching career, we need further studies of the psychological issues that improves the relationship between mentor and mentee.

Keywords: mentor, mentee, mentoring benefits, supportive attitude, professional development.


THE TEACHING OF QUESTIONING – FROM THE GRAMMAR CLASS TO THE KNOW-HOW | Simona-Aida MANOLACHE

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Although most Romanian teachers of French language know very well the multiple functions of the questioning in everyday life (facilitating communication, stimulating reflection on one’s own person and others, encouraging creativity and research, etc.), they are often limited to teach students how to formulate questions correctly from a grammar point of view, without taking advantage of them to develop, through everyday practice, the general competences of young people. We intend to present some examples of strategies and activities based on interrogation, which, often enough proposed within a French language class seen as a foreign language, could contribute to the plenary development of Romanian pupils.

Keywords: questioning, action, learning ability, know-how.


THE INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS TYPES OF LEARNING AND TECHNOLOGY THAT BEAR UPON MODERN EDUCATION MECHANISMS – SOME CONSIDERATIONS | Dragoş BARBIERU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Set along classical training forms and methods, eLearning can trigger new procedures to solve labour related problems, irrespective of the activity-driven work load. This modern form allows accomplishing tasks remotely, minimizing the needs for actual move and sudden breaks from current activities. When best tailored for teaching activities, eLearning raises a series of pedagogically, technologically and eventually pragmatically driven challenges. Yet, when facing new challenges, new requirements and educational necessity, we need more than technology and pedagogy can offer, we need new energies and new aspirations.

Keywords: eLearning, teaching activities, types of learning, work-based learning, advanced distributed learning.


TO WHAT EXTENT IS MATH HELPFUL? EXAMPLES OF APPLIED MATH: FROM FRACTIONS TO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN AN ORGANIZATION | Luminiţa CATANĂ

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Resource allocation is an important issue for managers and for the members of a team, and its fair solution is not possible without math. From simple fractions to the more complex mathematical models is nevertheless a long way. A general observation is that, usually, the resources are limited, or they have an accumulation rate slower than the people’s demands or needs, which causes dissatisfaction and even conflicts among the group members. This article addresses this issue with the use of mathematical support. Mathematics tells us that if we choose resource allocations strategies which allow every person to be satisfied with the resources he/she receives, or if the resources are shared in a „right” way, the dissatisfaction will be less frequent and with a lower intensity. This article presents, in an accessible way, some mathematical models which could be used as practical applications in entrepreneurial education or math classes in high-school, that give students a base for further discussions and learning.

Keywords: resource allocation, Game Theory, mathematical games.


RESEARCH RESULTS

ICT IN THE FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL IN MONTENEGRO | Veselin MIĆANOVIĆ, Dijana VUČKOVIĆ, Tatjana NOVOVIĆ

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This paper is exploratory in nature and refers to the contemporary methodological aspects of ICT implementation in early school education. Having in mind the importance of the need to modernize the process of knowledge acquisition in early school age, according to which education should be adapted to the students’ individual characteristics and needs, it is pointed out that modern information technology has great potential in the first grades. The study was conducted in three regions of Montenegro on a sample of 420 primary school teachers. The sample was heterogeneous both in terms of work experience and qualifications. Two goals have been highlighted: The theoretical aim of this paper is to highlight the need for modernization of primary school education; while, the research objective of this paper is to investigate the presence of ICT in the organization and implementation of primary school education, and the ability of teachers to apply it in their work. The results show an uneven geographical distribution of ICT in schools by region, but also a wide variety of answers regarding the independent variables: work experience and educational background of the respondents. We have identified some of the problems in teaching practice regarding the application of ICT in primary school education from the perspective of teachers and proposed measures in the conclusion to improve the current situation.

Keywords: ICT, primary school education, professional competence, student, teacher.


FILM EDUCATION | Cristian RĂDUCANU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The article is advocating that film education, and more generally multimedia education, should be an important part of the reform of the written curriculum in Romania. Film education is analyzed based on seven principles of the constructivist theory of learning: authenticity, visibility, high-order thinking skills, learning through metaphors, trasfer of learning competences across disciplines, moral purpose of education and self-regulation of the learning process. In support of the value of cinema in education the article presents the results of a survey administered to music college pupils, as well as four work sheets used in teaching history knowledge, cultural values and civic attitudes assisted by film.

Keywords: film education, authentic assessment, constructivism, project based learning, the reform of the integrated curriculum.


EVALUATION AND MOTIVATION | Cristian-Mihai POMOHACI

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: To what extent does a message sent by the teacher influence student involvement în a task? This is the question we attempt to answer. Specifically, by making use of statistical tools, we studied and compared the results achieved by two groups of students who received completely different messages from their teacher about the importance of testing right before undergoing the test, while working on a simple task that was not from their area of expertise. We found that the teacher’s messages influenced the success rate on the test. Receiving such a message on behalf of the teacher appears to stimulate the students’ interest in the tested subject, while other factors such aş the students’ gender do not appear to impact on test results in a significant way.

Keywords: student motivation, fluency in expression, motivation and assesment in higher education.


THE STUDENTS’ AGGRESSIVENESS – SOME GENDER DIFFERENCES | Maria GOGA, Dănuţ BĂRCĂCIANU

Full article Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The research presented in this article aims at understanding the phenomenon of aggression within a group of 5-6 graders in secondary schools (VI-VII) from Bucharest and Ilfov county. To this purpose, both students and teachers have participated from the selected schools in Bucharest and Ilfov county. The phenomenon of aggression was explored from a gender perspective among students in the above mentioned group of schools.

Keywords: aggression, gender differences, lower secondary school.


PSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING OF FACULTY MEMBERS IN ROMANIA | Laura Elena CĂPIŢĂ, Simona Luciana VELEA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article presents an exploratory research regarding the pedagogical training of faculty members, conducted in the context of an ongoing project co-financed through the European Social Fund. The starting point of the research is that in the transition from „a teaching supply paradigm to a learning demand paradigm”, higher education institutions must approach the legal framework and best practices to diversify the continuous training of their teaching staff. Data obtained through quantitative tools support the design of training programs for faculty, but also further research to highlight the missions undertaken by universities in the teaching and learning area.

Keywords: teacher training, continuous professional development, psychological and pedagogical training, the mission of the university.


EDUCATION AGENDA

PROF. ELENA MOLDOVAN – OPEN LETTER TO THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION | Dan BADEA

Full article


IN MEMORIAM

NICOLAE SACĂLIŞ CALATA (28 JANUARY 1944 – 4 FEBRUARY 2015) | Dan BADEA

Full article


BOOK REVIEWS

FLORENTINA SÂMIHĂIAN. MOTHER TONGUE TEACHING AND LEARNING: CURRENT CHALLENGES FOR TEACHERS AND STUDENTS | Ligia SARIVAN

Full review


EUGENE R. SMOLEY. EFFECTIVE SCHOOL BOARDS: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING BOARD PERFORMANCE | Ovidiu MĂNTĂLUŢĂ

Full review


FULL ISSUE

RP 2014 – 2

2014-2-cop


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

CHANGING EDUCATION IN A CHANGING SOCIETY. SOME REMARKS ON THE POLISH CASE | Krystyna SZAFRANIEC

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: After 1989, young Poles showed high expectations related to education. As a result of strong pressure for change, education began to open in the direction of popular expectations even before real reforms have been implemented. Later on reforms were promoted but schools, instead of playing a growing role in promoting young generation remained the same channel that helps families with promoting social and cultural benefits, contributing to the polarization of society. Therefore, further reforms are needed both at the pre-university and university levels to provide better educational and vocational guidance, to develop creativity and original thinking.

Keywords: “downward elevator”, educational structure, education paths, higher and secondary education, life-long learning, polarization of society, supply of education.


TOMA COCIŞIU AND THE ACTIVE SCHOOL IDEAS DICTIONARY | Steliana LEFTER, Viorel NICOLESCU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Toma Cocişiu (1887-1986), one of the most active and long-living pedagogues of the Romanian Active School, who’s name is linked to the founding of the famous „Blaj Experimental School”, left a rich archive behind, mirroring his efforts, projects, hopes and dreams. He aimed to elaborate – among other things – a comprehensive „Dictionary of Ideas of the Active School”. The manuscript, unpublished until now, contains a series of files on emblematic ideas concerning fundamental pedagogical terms. This article tries to present Cocişiu’s efforts in this direction.

Keywords: Toma Cocişiu, alternative education, Blaj experimental school, individual study, child experience.


RESEARCHES, INTERVENTION MODELS, GOOD PRACTICES

THE JENA PLAN IN THE NETHERLANDS | Kees BOTH

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: More than 50 years ago the first non-graded multi-aged groups organized according to the Jena Plan were registered in the Netherlands. Their number increased quite fast, due to several factors: the interest of parents and teachers for innovation in education; the openness of the Dutch educational system for freedom and innovation in education, encouraging parents, teachers and communities to organize schools with certain pedagogical or confessional particularities; last but not least, the support of experts in the educational field, in order to adapt the Peter Petersen model to the realities of the contemporary Dutch society and school. This is in fact a major strength of the Jena Plan: its openness and the adaptability to present-day needs and realities of schools and societies. This article starts from the contribution of prof. Kees Both „Jena Plan in the Netherlands”, held during the national seminar with international participation „Jena Plan in Romania – Two Decades of Existence” (Mangalia, 5 – 7 September 2014). Translation: Monica Cuciureanu

Keywords: Jena Plan, freedom in education, world orientation.


THE JENA PLAN AFTER TWO DECADES IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM | Gheorghe FELEA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: This article starts from the contribution of conf. univ. dr. Felea „Globalisation and Pluralism in the Romanian Pre-univerty School System”, held during the national seminar with international participation “Jena Plan in Romania – Two Decades of Existence” (Mangalia, 5 – 7 September 2014). The author briefly describes in the first part of the article the history of the Jena Plan in Romania, both during the period between the two World Wars and after 1989. In the second part of this material a special attention is given to the terms ”identity” and ”alterity”, which belong to the specific concepts connected to the field of educational alternatives. Conclusions and a rich list of references are to be found at the end of this article, dedicated to the celebration of two decades of existence of the Jena Plan in Romania.

Keywords: educational pluralism, identity, alterity, difference, educational alternative.


QUO VADIS JENA PLAN | Monica CUCIUREANU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Teachers and experts from Romania and abroad have met to celebrate 20 years of activity according to the Jena Plan in Romania, but also to analyze the recent history of this educational alternative in our country and to design its future development. This article starts from two contributions of the author ”Reform in Early Childhood Education from the perspective of the Jena Plan” and ”Recent tendencies in the Jena Plan movement in Romania”, held during the national seminar with international participation ”Jena Plan in Romania – Two Decades of Existence” (Mangalia, 5 – 7 September 2014).

Keywords: educational pluralism, identity, alterity, difference, educational alternative.


ORIENTATION IN THE ENVIRONMENT WITHIN THE JENA PLAN | Luminiţa MARTINESCU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Taking into account the age-particularities of children at preschool level, a special emphasis is made on their direct contact with nature and with real life, in general, because personal experience is the best foundation for learning. According to the Jena Plan, kindergarten-teachers should start from practical issues in order to enable children to acquire knowledge, to help them develop through an internal individual process and to achieve good education. The orientation into the environment must be seen in this context. The environment represents all external factors, both related to nature and to human society, influencing one’s existence and condition. Since birth, children grow and develop bio-psycho-socially under the direct influence of the environment. It represents for them the main source of learning. Being directly in contact with people, objects, natural and social phenomena, preschool children develop their personality and adjust to certain realities.

Keywords: Jena Plan, preschool education, orientation in the environment.


STEP BY STEP… AMONG MEMORIES | Ioana TARĂU

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Abstract: This year Step by Step reached 20 years since its implementation in the Romanian educational system. The innovative elements (the approach by using teaching, learning and evaluation methods which take into account child personality, the personalisation of education, the activity in activity centres), as well as the principles on which this alternative is based, have led to the spreading of this program in the entire country, both at pre-school, as well as at primary-school level. At School No. 5 in Bucharest the alternative has been successfully working for sixteen years, and, starting this school year, the number of Step by Step classes has surpassed the traditional method classes at primary school level. The article presents both views regarding the approach and the integration of alternative education in public schools distinguishing the Step by Step particularities and the traditional system.

Keywords: alternative education, integrated curriculum, thematic study.


THE TEACHER’S ENTHUSIASM AND THE POWER OF WORDS IN EDUCATION – ANALYSES WITHIN THE INTERDISCIPLINARY MASTER PROGRAM: ALTERNATIVE PEDAGOGIES AND DRAMA IN EDUCATION (PED-ARTE) | Crenguţa Lăcrămioara OPREA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: To be a good teacher requires being a good actor in the classroom, to be able to convey to the students emotion and desire to learn more about certain contents. It is important the way in which the teacher manages to stimulate the curiosity and maintain the students’ interest in living the joy of personal discoveries. Through the way he communicates with the student and using appropriate methods and techniques to stimulate creativity, the teacher may attract his interest, his curiosity and his desire for knowledge. The enthusiasm of the teacher is the key for a good learning in school. This encourages the student‘s interest, maintains his attention and a positive attitude. In this way, there is an increase in the student‘s motivation which directly influences his educational results and his performance.

Keywords: education, enthusiasm, physical and mental health, power of words, interactive teaching and learning.


VOLUNTEERING – A CRITERION TO ASSESS ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION | Marţian IOVAN

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The author proves that the efficiency of the environmental education could be much higher if included within the broader sphere of moral and civic education and if it is driven by a more extensive ideal sprung from the fundamental human right to a clean and well preserved environment, by the contemporary moral and civil values. Based on empirical research, the author pleads and motivates for an increased capitalization of the humanities and social sciences, of art, of environmental ethics and aesthetics in shaping “the ecological personality” of the tomorrow people. Seen as a result of the environmental education, the ecological personality materializes in volunteering in order to find the answers for the environmental issues in the contemporary societies. When shaping this kind of personality profile, the ecological awareness need not be underestimated to the detriment of the positive attitudes and feelings towards the environment, the human will and the orientation of character. When shaping these personality traits through environmental education activities, one must emphasize the importance of practice and applied actions aimed to protect the environment, and in general, the practice of civic-moral education method.

Keywords: environmental education; eco-ethics; sustainable development; environmental issues; volunteering; moral values.


REVIEWS

MARTI TARU, FILIP COUSSÉE, HOWARD WILLIAMSON (Eds.). THE HISTORY OFYOUTH WORK IN EUROPE. RELEVANCE FOR TODAY’S YOUTH WORK POLICY. Vol. 4, Strasbourg, Council of Europe Publishing, 2014, 142 p., ISBN 978-92-871-7736-0 | Sorin MITULESCU

Full review


GABRIEL ALBU. GRIJILE ŞI ÎNGRIJORĂRILE PROFESORULUI (THE TEACHER’S CONCERNS AND WORRIES). Piteşti, Paralela 45 Publishing House, 2013, 239 p., ISBN 978-973-47-1626-5 | Dan BADEA

Full review


FULL ISSUE

RP 2014 – 1

2014 - 1


THEORETICAL APPROACHES

MUSEUM PEDAGOGY: SCOPE, ISSUES, PERSPECTIVES | Constantin CUCOŞ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The purpose of our present paper is to create an inventory of the specific characteristics and virtues of museum education. We highlight the status of this subject in the context of the educational sciences, the importance of its objectives, as well as its main topics which give room to enquiry and its contribution to reinforce the educational dimension. A museum should be understood as more than a mere formative environment – in itself or in connection to school – but also as a way of didactic understanding and reinterpretation of reality.

Keywords: museum education, museum values, museum didactics, nonformal education, informal education.


TEACHING FLUENCY FOR COMMUNICATIVE INTERACTION IN ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE | Julia RYBINSKA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: For the purpose of this study three prominent questions have been asked: the significance of an interactive-engaged approach, ICT competences and online teaching, the use of creative techniques and their influence on the students’ communicative competence. We discuss the nature of communication and its relevance to various stages of learning, emphasize the importance of integrating skills, analyze the differences and similarities in learning how to speak and write. The basic aim of foreign language teaching is to endow the students with linguistic competence, to help them adapt to the needs of society, to use the language functionally in order to achieve the expected effect. This paper will focus on several methods and strategies which makes English teaching attractive.

Keywords: communicative competence, communicative interaction in English, foreign languages, creative methods, creative students.


A NEW METHOD TO GRAPHICALLY REPRESENT THE CURRICULUM FROM A SOCIO-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE | Tiberiu Octavian CUJBĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: Firstly, the article analyzes several graphical representations of the curriculum, as shown in the literature. Secondly, the author formulates a new graphic representation. This is developed with a complex method which allows curricular planning and design in the sociocultural environment. This representation is more accurate as it is based on an original method which lies in the area of inter-disciplinarity, at the crossroads of education and academic subjects:  mathematics, physics, statistics, sociology, psychology, philosophy etc.

Keywords: curriculum, graphical representation of the curriculum, sociocultural system.


PROPOSALS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ARTS EDUCATION IN UNESCO AND EU POLICY DOCUMENTS | Lucian VOINEA

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Abstract: The article aims to present the vision and the main recommendations regarding the role and implementation of arts education in policy documents of UNESCO and the European Union. We focus the following issues: role and main objectives, conceptual framework, implementation, training of teachers and artists, research and assessment, dissemination of results and best practices.

Keywords: arts education, educational policies, conceptual framework, training, research.


DISCOURSE ON AESTHETIC EDUCATION | Dan BADEA

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Abstract: This paper presents one of the most interesting books that were written before 1989: namely Cultura estetică şcolară (School Aesthetic Culture) published in 1967 by George Văideanu. We have tried to highlight the various reasons for which the book is still a remarkable text about education even in our day and age. This is a text that includes passion for a “minor” cause (aesthetic education), critical thinking and an articulated pedagogical conception.

Keywords: school aesthetic culture, aesthetic pedagogy, aesthetic education, aesthetics.


COMPETENCES, NEVERTHELESS | Tiberiu Marcian MIHAIL

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: I herein aim to skeletonize a starting point in reconsidering the gist of competences („competenţialitate”), by readdress the inner structure of competences as virtualities of professionality – compounding parts of educational expertise – and their inherentevaluability. My goal is to notify by an approach of a reflection-research sort, backed on experiences both of investigation and training, inclusively by a consistent endnotes apparatus –, some aspects of the actual competential theory groundlessness and to suggest some conceptual clearings and re-problematizations in competences’ contribution to a qualitative design of the on-the-job training, suitable for them as full-age features.

Keywords: area of competences, propensity towards, (appetence), performing act, transformed values.


RESEARCHES, INTERVENTION MODELS, GOOD PRACTICES

HOW TO SUPPORT CHILDREN FOR EASY SCHOOL LEVEL CROSSING | Speranţa FARCA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The differences between school levels within our traditional education system are steeper than switching between different education systems. For the child, the transition from kindergarden to primary school and then to secondary level is a real world change. We initiated this research project “The child’s accommodation with the school level crossings in compulsory education” in an attempt to highlight and improve on these difficulties. This article is a general presentation of the research project.

Keywords: education, accommodation, level of education, school entry, the entry into middle school.


ADAPTATION TO STUDENTS’ LEARNING STYLES IN THE BLENDED LEARNING APPROACH | Maria GOGA

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The research presented in this article aims at exploring the relevance of the students’ learning styles for the design of blended learning programs. To achieve this purpose we made a research study with teachers and students from CREDIS, University of Bucharest. We explored the existing blended learning experiences as well as the students’ and professors’ opinions concerning the adaptation of instruction to the students’ learning styles.

Keywords: blended learning, learning styles, instructional design.


BLENDED LEARNING TRAINING FOR EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT | Ovidiu MĂNTĂLUŢĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The research has been done in two stages. The first stage consisted in structuring and designing the topics for a blended learning training program in counselling and consultancy. This stage collected information on to the teachers’ and principals’ values system, as well as information concerning the ideal principal and the school of excellence, the basic features of the principal’s social and school representations. Other results have also been relevant such as: models of organizational communication, the communication themes and the usefulness of the communication competencies for preventing the negative aspects in the school life and for making good use of the analysis and diagnosis or the specialization in the training area. The second stage of the research refers to the impact analysis of the training course. We identified difficulties in using the Moodle platform, we analysed the facilities offered for downloading the course materials, the access to the training materials, the relevance and quality of the training.

Keywords: training program, blended learning, educational management, quality management.


LITERATURE IN THE DIGITAL AGE | Aniela MANCAŞ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The new media compete with reading practices in an unprecedent way as they offer new opportunities for both reading for information and reading for pleasure. Educators can choose to blame the digital era for school shortcomings. In a pessimistic perspective, students who extensively use the internet become superficial and get limited brains. There is nevertheless an optimistic approach where the new technologies, if they are well tuned to sound planning, could catalyze quality learning and deep reading. Our paper starts from a few conclusions in recent cognition studies by reputed analysts and presents successful school activities where students who use the new media step naturally and effectively in the literary universe and internalize concepts and values.

Keywords: new media, literature education, ICT in classroom practice, reading competences.


LEARNING STYLES AND ATTITUDE TOWARD SELF | Elena GHIZDĂREANU

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore the learning styles and to analyse attitudes toward self of 116 students from the Faculty of Psychology of Bucharest University and from the Polytechnic University of Bucharest.We applied a learning styles questionnaire adapted from Honey and Mumford (1986) and Carver’s (2008) Attitude Toward Self Scale. The randomly selected sample consisted of 57 Psychology students and 59 students from the Polytechnic University, mostly aged 19, 20 and 21. Results have confirmed the hypothesis of our research. First conclusion is that Psychology students have a greater need for mentorship, compared to Polytechnic students. Second conclusion is that reflective learning style correlates with the tendency to generalize. The third conclusion of the study is that theorizing learning style correlates with high standards. This study provides relevant premises for larger studies concerning learning styles and student attitudes toward themselves.

Keywords: learning styles, mentorship, attitude toward self.


MANAGERIAL COUNSELLING AND CONSULTING FOR SCHOOL PRINCIPALS | Paul BLENDEA, Ovidiu MĂNTĂLUŢĂ

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The paper presents the main concepts that underline the on-line and face to face counselling and management course for the head teachers in primary and secondary schools that was designed and implemented in Vrancea County in 2013 by a team of researchers from the Counselling and Educational Management Department in the Institute of Education Sciences, Bucharest, Romania.

Keywords: counselling, managerial consulting, organizational culture, leadership, leadership staff.


ACQUIRING COMPETENCES FOR LIFE: JOBS – JOB ORIENTATION TRAINING FOR BUSINESSES AND SCHOOLS IN ROMANIA. EXPERIENCES ON IMPLEMENTATION FROM A TRANSCULTURAL POINT OF VIEW | Wiltrud WEIDINGER

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: The article describes the importance of competence-based training and learning in the Job Orientation Training for Businesses and Schools programme (JOBS) in Romania. It focuses on the different areas of competences and their application in the relevant components within the project. From a Swiss perspective the experiences from the implementation of such competence-based programmes are presented as a conclusion for a further development and knowledge transfer.

Keywords: job orientation, career guidance, competences, competence based training, student-centred learning, teaching material.


EXERCISE FIRM: FROM THE VIRTUAL TO THE REAL ENVIRONMENT | Mihaela CIORSAC

Full article | Abstract&Keywords

Abstract: “Exercise firm” is modern and interactive teaching and learning method, successfully applied in Romanian technological high schools. The current article analyse the “exercise firm” method applied in the virtual business environment in ROCT system in Romania – a compartment of NCVET – Ministry of National Education. The role of the exercise firms in the virtual business environment is to develop dynamic entrepreneurial skills of students, simulating a real emergent business competition environment.

Keywords: exercise firm, virtual business environment, applied learning.


EDUCATION AGENDA

PRIMARY SCHOOL CAREERS: WIDENING THE FUTURE | John KELLY

Full article


A VIRTUAL COMMUNITY OF MATH AND SCIENCE TEACHERS | Irina VASILESCU

Full article


ERASMUS+ | Corina POPESCU

Full article


IN MEMORIAM

IN MEMORIAM ELENA JOIŢA | Anton ILICA

Full article


IN MEMORIAM GEORGE VĂIDEANU | Dan BADEA

Full article


FULL ISSUE